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What hiring process do you use?

What philosophy do you use when hiring new members for the team? The tendency for many teams is to create an interview hazing process.  Requiring interviewees to run a gauntlet of silly questions, riddles, etc.  Is it not obvious that this will result in a poor hiring decision?

If you ask an experienced, knowledgable HR person they can tell you how poor the hiring process really is.  Ask a researcher and they will tell you that it is one of the poorest business process for producing the desired results.  Yet almost every organization continues this tried, but not true process.

Google, being a big data company has done it's own research on the topic.  Read the results.

In Head-Hunting, Big Data May Not Be Such a Big Deal

Google’s Quest to Build a Better Boss
There are many reasons people choose to leave a company, here is one top three list:
  • Disengaged with organizational mission
  • Lack of respect for co-workers
  • A terrible boss
Google found that the boss aspect was the largest variable in attrition rates.  So to mitigate it they started doing quarterly performance reviews (not less, but the non-intuitive inverse - more).  This resulted in better review ratings for bosses.
So back to the hiring process.  Do you use a practice of real life activity to assess the candidate?  I would if I were you.  I've done pair programming interviews with candidates.  It is very enlightening.  People that pass the verbal Q&A interview process then sit down at a keyboard and solve a real coding example problem.  We use a TDD example.  Something like the classic convert a roman numeral into decimal.

It may amaze you the first several times you do this.  The people you think did well in the Q&A might not do so well in the hands on the keyboard, pairing exercise.  It may be that they just don't know how to code.  It may be that they can code but have never used a modern IDE and haven't the foggiest idea about keyboard short cuts, or built in refactoring tools.  Or it may be that you find out that they cannot pair program - they refuse to verbalize their thoughts, they don't want a pairing partner.  If these aspects of being a rock star developer are important to you - a test is a really good idea.

Menlo Innovation has described an interesting an alternative interview process.  While I'm sure it has continued to evolve they use a pair programing and skills observation technique to find candidates for their culture (A 2002 whitepaper - Extreme Interviewing).  Read about it in Joy Inc. How we build a workplace people love by Richard Sheridan or take a tour of Menlo.

ACE the Behavioral Interview
Does your hiring process end with the offer letter?  Many companies court a candidate up until they arrive to sign the I9 document.  But then the dating is over, sign the non-compete, the intellectual property, the first born documents and you are OURS (evil laugh).

A Closer Look at Behavior-Based Interviewing

How to ACE the Behavioral Interview  as an agile candidate by Shirly Ronen-Harel.  A nice set of tips and principles for the hiring group to perform their tasks, the results desired would be hiring people that show and behave in the open-mindset.

Many companies use the try-it before you buy-it technique.  They hire new employees on a probation period, or they use the contract-to-hire option.  It amazes me at how little they exercise the opt-out aspect of these techniques.  I doubt they get the value out of these techniques.

Here's a technique that apparently works.  Offer the new employee a bonus to quit, right now in the introductory training days, just leave and take the money. Yes, it seems a bit crazy, yet it works for some very high stress, high turnover support jobs at Zappos.  Wonder why?

BusinessWeek: Why Zappos Offers New Hires $2,000 to Quit

Because Zappos takes the time to explain the real job, the dirty underbelly of the job, explains their culture and the way they handle terribly rude customers and then a Zappos trainer will make you an offer you can't refuse.  That is unless you have already decide that this will be a great place to work, that you resonate with this crazy culture, that you will feel good letting your freak-flag fly in their offices.  Wow - they get to cultural match in a matter of days.  And they pay for people to opt-out.  Turns out this is great business.

Does your company do an indoctrination training course.  The military is famous for their boot-camp.  Those are awesome, few companies put that much energy into training raw recruits.  Now the typical is about 4 hours of the mandatory harassment training videos and about a VP speaking about the wow-factors of working here.

I just went through an awesome 2 day course at my new company.  It didn't happen in the first week.  They had an onboarding training but then scheduled the new employee training several weeks out.  That was a nice touch.  But the greatest part was that the executives all showed up to welcome and educate the new employees to the company.  Taking time to explain culture, mission and the complex relationships that exist.  It was a true learning experience.  All the traditional HR onboarding crap was separate.  This allow the focus to be upon the people and the relationships.



See Also:

Creating a Product Design Hiring Guide - by Isaak Hayes
What would happen if you did this for your team's next hire - generalize beyond the UX/UI concept in this article to any role you wish to hire.  See Show me the SKILZ of your cross-functional team.

Make Bad Hires  by  Bob Marshall - the FlowchainSensei

Joy, INC by Richard Sheridan - describes their group hiring process and practices.  I just got a job at USAA and they were using the Menlo Innovation's model of hiring.

Scrum Masters valued higher than Project Managers empirical evidence via Indeed.



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David's notes on "Drive"

- "The Surprising Truth about what Motivates Us" by Dan Pink.

Amazon book order
What I notice first and really like is the subtle implication in the shadow of the "i" in Drive is a person taking one step in a running motion.  This brings to mind the old saying - "there is no I in TEAM".  There is however a ME in TEAM, and there is an I in DRIVE.  And when one talks about motivating a team or an individual - it all starts with - what's in it for me.

Introduction

Pink starts with an early experiment with monkeys on problem solving.  Seems the monkeys were much better problem solver's than the scientist thought they should be.  This 1949 experiment is explained as the early understanding of motivation.  At the time there were two main drivers of motivation:  biological & external influences.  Harry F. Harlow defines the third drive in a novel theory:  "The performance of the task provided intrinsic reward" (p 3).  This is Dan Pink's M…

Software Development terms applied to Home Construction

Let's Invert the typically wrong headed view of Software Development project management as a construction project.  We can map it the other way just to see if it works... to have some fun, to explore the meaning of phrases we toss around quite frequently.


Normally Project Management terms come from a construction domain.  We are going to apply the lexicon of modern software to the construction of a home.  We will follow the construction project and meet some of the people doing the work.

This is a very small (8 homes from $600,000 skyward) program in my 30-40 year old neighborhood.

About 6 months ago I saw the programs landing page go up.  It gives casual observers and some of the stakeholders a general idea of the intent of the program.  And most importantly who to contact for additional information if you happen to be interested in their products.

The Refuge program has 8 product projects and has them running independently.  Yet much of their DevOps infrastructure has already b…

Where is Shakespeare When We Need Him?

We are desperately searching for a term for people that connotes the best of human kind.  The creative, sensing, combinatorial synergistic, empathic solutioning persons that have yet to been labeled with a role name that works.

Some of the old terms:
Staff, Workforce, Human Resource, My Team, Army, Company

Shakespeare created 1700 words in his time.  He mutated verbs to nouns, and vice-a-versa, transformed verbs into adjectives, and formed words from whole cloth never before heard.  This skill is rare, but there is a poet that can create the term we need in the twenty-first century.

What should this term define?

21st Century Human Resource; the generalizing specialist.

Yes, but what more?  What less?

Suggest your poetry in the comments, let us see if we cannot do 1/1700 as well as The Bard.

By-the-way; who create the phrase "coin a word"?




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See Also:

Innovation in the Automobile Industry

In the 1900s the automobile industry was the most important and innovation industry in the USA.  But one could question if this was good for our society in the long run.  And one could question if they actually innovated.

In the early 1900s there were few automobiles, very little infrastructure created to support the industry.  For example the road system was still designed for horse drawn wagons and the wagon wheel (remember a steal rim and wooden compression spoke wheel).  The future US Highways, or the 1950s Interstate Highway System at the cost of $425 billion were decades and many innovations away. There was no gas service station, there were however horse stables, farriers, and blacksmiths in each town along the roads.  There was no real "road map", there was no road naming system, like was created in 1926 - the United States Numbered Highway System.

The industry employees millions of people, and was a large factor in the economy of the USA.  It created or was created b…