The early adopters of Scrum were seeking a method of controlling the chaos of emergent product development processes. They needed empirical methods to discern if the product was moving in a meaningful direction. They were willing to risk accepting technical debt to validate working solutions in the hands of real customers. They were focused on delivering value, they wanted a process that optimized on value delivery and embraced the learning process required to explore new product domains. They were organizations capable of thriving on the edge of chaos. Organizations in the early adopters phase seek to keep options open (decide at the last responsible moment), to pivot upon learning about the opening market space, to fulfill an undefined emergent need.
"Intelligence should be viewed as a physical process that tries to maximize future freedom of action and avoid constraints in its own future." -- Alex Wissner-Gross
|Tardigrade - an extremophile|
But extremophiles do not live in the calm waters of the Caribbean reef.
"Most executives I’m meeting with nowadays aren’t fundamentally trying to solve the adaptability problem."
The Agile movement has reached the late majority of the diffusion of innovation curve.
The Late Majority: "Individuals in this category will adopt an innovation after the average member of the society. These individuals approach an innovation with a high degree of skepticism and after the majority of society has adopted the innovation. Late Majority are typically skeptical about an innovation, have below average social status, very little financial liquidity, in contact with others in late majority and early majority, very little opinion leadership." -- Everett Rogers
My opinion is that this group is seeking a different answer than the early adopters or early majority. Studying Rogers' diffusion curve and synthesizing some other really observant human behavioral ideas; I think it's very obvious that the late majority have a very different answer to the fundamental questions around why they are adopting Scrum. I've asked this question for years in workshops. The answer's haven't changed. But the meaning behind the answers must be different than they were before.
Is it the value system of Agile that draws these companies into the Scrum trainers classroom? No. Is it the promise of the more collaborative and humane software development lifecycle for the employees? No, many of these companies have already shed their employees by adopting the staff augmentation model of the 20th C. consultant/contractor model.
The answer this group of late majority scrum adopters are seeking is: a lowering of the cost of development and maintenance of software systems that run and maintain the business. Very few projects that these organizations attempt are in the domain of seeking an innovative or emergent solution. Sure they speak the current lingo of innovations but few are seeking disruptive innovation (what must of us think when the "I" word is mentioned), most are seeking frugal innovation (15 Types of innovation).
"Frugal Innovation is about doing more with less. Entrepreneurs and innovators in emerging markets have to devise low cost strategies to either tap or circumvent institutional complexities and resource limitations to innovate, develop and deliver products and services to low income users with little purchasing power."
This group is not seeking to open up the future options that an emergent process may afford them.
See Mike Cottmeyer's blog series What Problems Are Executives Trying To Solve With Agile? It is a very good list - if you need an answer, pick one from his list - it's sure to impress.
|Start with WHY - Simon Sinek|
I've asked this question, but just getting a few mid-level managers and the executive level sponsor answering this question may not be enough. Is there a method of hearing the organization - rather than the designated spokesperson for the organization? Enter Open Space Technology. Why yes, yes I believe this may provide a collaborative way to answer the question without the filter imposed by a leadership visor. Inside of the Agile movement it may best be expressed by Open Agile Adoption techniques.
Is Agile a solution for this cost reduction and predictable deliver of replacement solution domain of the late adoption mindset? I believe they can see benefits of adopting the basic foundations of Scrum. Of adapting the underlying Extreme Programming techniques that power the Scrum framework. Yet the agility of the processes might be antithetical to the organizations purpose of delivering software.
A case in point: a client in the data management of health care actually has the policy of allowing their clients to pick and choose (ala-carte) the software development process aspects that they are willing to pay for. For example - the client may not wish to pay for the QA on a project, so the development group conceives that it is their role to deliver a software product without doing the QA. Or perhaps the client doesn't want to pay for the project management aspect, or the architectural analysis of the solution. Now this is an extreme situation - true. One that none of us would like to be in - but can this organization adopt the Agile mind-set? When the various directors and VPs of this organization say they want to do the Scrum/Agile thing - do they mean what I think they mean - or are we talking about very different purposes?
Alex Wissner-Gross - A new equation of intelligence - TED Talk
Why It Feels Like We're Falling Behind It can take years to notice a life-changing invention. - Motley Fool
Agile Has Not Crossed the Chasm, a contrarian view by Johanna Rothman 2012 and still relevant:
Bounce Back is too CommonHere’s the problem I see. We’ve seen several consultants and consulting organizations take the credit for the same large media organization succeed with their agile transition. Well, this same organization is on their fourth or fifth agile transition by now. They have the common problems of any significant process change: it’s difficult, culturally challenging, and the entropy of the organization is working against them. It’s easier to bounce back to chaos or waterfall
HBR article: Embracing Agile 2016
by Darrell K. Rigby, Jeff Sutherland, Hirotaka Takeuchi
Agile innovation methods have revolutionized information technology. Over the past 25 to 30 years they have greatly increased success rates in software development, improved quality and speed to market, and boosted the motivation and productivity of IT teams.